Hyosung O&B Co. Ltd.1
Department of Horticultural Science, Chungnam National University2
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of liquid fertilizer containing humic acid (LFHA) on changes of creeping bentgrass quality and growth. Treatments were designed as follows; control fertilizer (CF), HA-1 (CF+1 ml m-2 LFHA), HA-2 (CF+2 ml m-2 LFHA), and HA-3 (CF+4 ml m-2 LFHA). As compared with CF, soil chemical properties and chlorophyll content of clipping of LFHA treatments were not significantly different. Visual quality in both of HA-2 and HA-3 treatments was higher than that of CF treatment from September to November, and clipping yield on October 27. Shoot density, root length, and the content of nitrogen, phosphorus or potassium were increased by application of LFHA. The clipping yield was positively correlated with phosphorus content, potassium content or shoot density. Similarly, LFHA level was proportionate to clipping yield of creeping bentgrass, and N, P, K contents in the leaf tissue. These results generally demonstrated that the application of LFHA improved the growth and quality of creeping bentgrass by increase of N content or P in leaf tissue.
1. Arancon, N.Q., Edwards, C.A., Lee, S. and Byrne, R. 2006. Effects of humic acids from vermicomposts on plant growth. Europe. J. Soil Biol. 42:65-69.
2. Arnon, D.I. 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol. 24(1):1-15.
3. Asenjo, M.C.G., Gonzalez, J.L. and Maldonado, J.M. 2000. Influence of humic extracts on germination and growth ryegrass. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant. Anal., 31:101-114
4. Cacco, G. and Dell’Agnola, G. 1984. Plant growth regulalor activity of soluble humic complexes. Can. J. Soil Sci. 64:225-228.
5. Choi, H.S., Li, X., Kim, W.S. and Lee, Y. 2011. Effects of nutrient source on soil physical, chemical, and microbial properties in an organic pear orchard. Kor. J. Environ. Agric. 30(1):16-23. (In Korean)
6. El-Ghamry, A.M., El-Hai, K.M.A. and Ghoneem, K.M. 2009. Amino and humic acids promote growth, yield and disease resistance of faba bean cultivated in clayey soil. Aust. J. Basic. Appl. Sci. 3(2):731-739.
7. Hamza B. and Suggars A. 2001. Biostimulants: Myths and Realities. Turfgrass Trends 10(8):6-10 MacCarthy, P., Malcolm, R.L., Clapp, C.E. and Bloom, P.R. 1985. An introduction to soil humic substances. pp 1-12. In: MacCarthy et al. (Eds.) Humic substances in soil and crop sciences, selected reading, Soil Sci. Soc. of Am., Madison, WI, USA.
8. Hartwigsen, J.A. and Evans, M.R. 2000. Humic acid seed substrate treatments promote seedling root development. HortScience 35:1231-1233.
9. Hunter, A. and Anders, A. 2004. The influence of humic acid on turfgrass growth and development of creeping bentgrass. Acta Hortic. 661:257-264.
10. Jannin, L., Arkoun, M., Ourry, A., Laîné, P, Goux, D., et al. 2012. Microarray analysis of humic acid effects on Brassica napus growth: Involvement of N, C and S metabolisms. Plant Soil 359:297-319.
11. Kim, H.G., Seo, D.C., Cheong, Y.H., Kang, C.S., Sohn, B.K., et al., 2007. Effects of different humic acids on growth and fruit quality of tomato plant. Kor. J. Environ. Agric. 26(4):313-318.
12. Kim, K.N. 2015. Comparison of underground root growth characteristic of major cool-season grasses according to establishment stages in sports turf designed by the USGA soil system. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Techonol. 33(2):166-176. (In Korean)
13. Kim, M.J., Shim, C.K., Kim, Y.K., Park, J.H., Han, E.J. et al. 2017. Effect of the concentration of humic acid on growth and yield of organically cultivated hot-pepper. J. Kor. Resour. Rec. Assoc. 25(1):67-78. (In Korean)
14. Kim, Y.S., Ham, S.K., Lee, J.P. and Hwang, Y.S. 2012. The growth effects of creeping bentgrass by application of liquid fertilizer with saponin and liquid fertilizer with amino acid. Asian J. Turfgrass Sci. 26(1):54-59. (In Korean)
15. Kim, Y.S., Ham, S.K. and Lim, H.J. 2010. Change of soil physicochemical properties by mixed ratio of 4 types of soil amendments used in golf course. Kor. Turfgrass Sci. 24(2):205-210. (In Korean)
16. Kim, Y.S., Lee, C.E., Ham, S.K. and Lee. G.J. 2016. Growth of creeping bentgrass by application of compound fertilizer containing microbes. Weed Turf. Sci. 5(1):42-50. (In Korean)
17. Kweon, D.Y., Lee, J.H., Lee, D.I. and Joo, Y.K. 2005. Turfgrass establishment of USGA putting greens related with soil physical properties. Kor. Turfgrass Sci. 19(2):95-102. (In Korean)
18. Lee, S.B., Kim, Y.S., Ham, S.K., Lim, H.J., Choi, Y.C. et al. 2013. Effect of soldier fly castes mixed soil on change of soil properties in root zone and growth of zoysiagrass. Weed Turf. Sci. 2(3):298-305. (In Korean)
19. Lee, T.S., Cho, S.H., Jeong, J.Y., An, J.Y., Lee, J.J., et al. 2017. Composting of livestock manure blending humic acid powder and influence on growth of lettuce by its application. J. Kor. Org. Res. Rec. Ass. 25(2):5-14. (In Korean)
20. Liu, C. and Cooper, R.J. 2000. Humic substances influence creeping bentgrass growth. Golf Course Management 67(8):49-53.
21. Liu, C. and Cooper, R.J. 2002. Humic acid application does not improve salt tolerance of hydoponically grown creeping bentgrass. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127(2):219-223.
22. Liu, C, Cooper, R.J. and Bowman D.C. 1998. Humic acid application affects photosynthesis, root development, and nutrient content of creeping bentgrass. HortScience 33(6):1023-1025.
23. NIAST. 1998. Methods of soil chemical analysis. NIAST, RDA, Suwon, Korea. (In Korean)
24. Russo, R.O. and Berlyn, G.P. 1990. The use of organic biostimulants to help low input sustainable agriculture. J. Sust. Agric. 1:19-42.
25. Türkmen, Ö., Dursun, A., Turan, M. and Erdinç, C. 2003. Calcium and humic acid affect seed germination, growth, and nutrient content of tomato (Lycopersiocon esculentum L.) seedling under saline soil conditions. Acta. Agri. Scandinavica 54:168-174.
26. Van Dyke, A., Johnson, P.G. and Grossl, P.R. 2009. Influence of humic acid on water retention and nutrient acquisition in simulated golf putting greens. Soil Use. Manage. 25(3):255-261.
27. Vaughan, D. 1974. Possible mechanism for humic acid action on cell elongation in root segments of Pisum sativum under aseptic conditions. Soil Biol. Biochem. 6:241-247.
28. Zhang, X., Ervin, E.H. and Schmit, R.E. 2003. Physiological effects of liquid applications of a seaweed extract and a humic acid on creeping bentgrass. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sct. 128(4):492-496.
29. Zhang, X. and Ervin, E.H. 2004. Cytokinin-containing seaweed and humic acid extracts associated with creeping bentgrass leaf cytokinins and drought resistance. Crop Sci. 44:1737-1745.