Department of Horticultural Science, Chungnam National University1
Taejun Agrotech Co. Ltd.2
Daejung-golf Engineering Co. Ltd.3
Department of Bio-Environmental Chemistry, Chungnam National University4
Department of Bio-Environmental Chemistry, Chungnam National University5
Repeated use of ACCase inhibiting herbicides for a long time has resulted in increases of resistant Echinochloa oryzicola populations in paddy fields in middle west area of Korea. This study aims to investigate current status of herbicide resistant E. oryzicola in Gyeongsangnam-do, in which there is less information about herbicide resistance. For resistance frequency and dose-response study, seeds from 100 individual plants of E. oryzicola in Gyeongsangnam-do were collected and tested with cyhalofop-butyl. Seven percent of plants from Gyeongsangnam-do was resistant at a recommended rate of cyhalofop-butyl. GR50 values (herbicide rates required to reduce plant growth 50%) for one representative resistant populations and five susceptible populations were 738 g a.i. ha-1 and 66-234 (average 147) g a.i. ha-1, respectively, indicating average 5 times difference in resistance. Although lower rate of frequency of herbicide resistance in Gyeongsangnam-do than in Jeollabuk-do, increases of herbicide resistance are expected in this area because of increases of direct seeded rice fields and increases of dependence on a specific herbicide. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor herbicide resistance regularly and conduct integrated herbicide resistance management in this area.
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