Article | . Vol. 8, Issue. 1
Investigation of Resistance to Penoxsulam and Cyhalofop-butyl in Echinochloa oryzicola Collected in Gyeongsangnam-do Province of Korea



Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Plus), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Korea1
Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, RDA, Wanju 55365, Korea 2
충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 식물자원학과3
Department of Plant Medicine, IALS, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Korea4




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In this study, Resistance of Echinochloa oryzicola biotypes collected in the rice fields of Gyeongnam province to both Cyhalofop-butyl and Penoxsulam were investigated by growth pouch assay. The collected biotypes showed a wide range of different sensitivities to both herbicides. For the standard known susceptible biotype, we used Sunchon biotype susceptible to Penoxsulam and Cyhalofop-butyl and determined as a Resistance if the GR50 value of a biotype is more than three times of the GR50 value of Sunchon biotype. Based on the GR50 values of 82 biotypes, 62.2% of biotypes were resistant to Penoxsulam, while 46.8% of biotypes were resistant to Cyhalofop-butyl. The Resistance/susceptible (R/S) GR50 ratio of the highest resistant biotype to Penoxsulam compared to the Sunchon biotype was 252.76 (Hamyang, HY-11 biotype), while that of the highest resistant biotype to Cyhalofop-butyl was 23.39 (Jinju, JJ-18 biotype).



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