Article | . Vol. 8, Issue. 1
Comparison of Development and Feeding Amount of the Black Cutworm (Agrotis ipsilon) on Zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica) and Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera)

Department of Ecological Science, Kyungpook National University, Sangju 37224, Republic of Korea.1
Forest Biomaterials Research Center, National Institute of Forest Science, Jinju 52817, Republic of Korea.2

.. 75:81


The black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) is the main lepidopteran pest of turfgrasses as well as crops. This study was conducted to investigate the feeding and preference of black cut worm in zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica) and creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) which are mainly composed in Korean golf courses for provide basic data for control. Both the 3rd instar and 4th instar of black cut worm were more abundant in the creeping bentgrass than in the zoysiagrass. Body weight gain was also higher in creeping bentgrass feeding individuals. The preference for creeping bentgrass and zoysiagrass was twice as high as for creeping bentgrass. It is considered that the life history of black cut worm will be diversified at the golf course where the two grass species coexist due differences in preference and growth for both turfgrass species. Therefore, intensive management of creeping bentgrass is required in these golf courses.

1.  Busching, M.K. and Turpin, F.T. 1977. Survival and development of black cutworm () larvae on various species of crop plants and weeds. Environ. Entomol. 6(1):63-65.  

2.  Choo, H.Y., Lee, D.W., Lee, S.M., Lee, T.W., Choi, W.G., et al. 2000. Turfgrass insect pests and natural enemies in golf courses. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 39:171-179. (In Korean).   

3.  Frank, S.D. and Shrewsbury, P.M. 2004. Consumption of black cutworms, (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and alternative prey by common golf course predators. Environ. Entomol. 33:1681-1688.   

4.  Hong, S.C. and Williamson, R.C. 2006. Suitability of various turfgrass species and cultivars for development and survival of black cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 99:850-857.  

5.  Kim, H.S., Kim, S.H. and Choi, K.M. 1980. Studies on bionomics and control of cutworms. Korean J. Pl. Prot. 19(4):244-250. (In Korean)   

6.  Kim, K.W., Ohh, M.H., Kim, J.H. and Baek, C.W. 2001. Damage and control of cutworms in the tobacco fields. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 40(4):315-319. (In Korean)  

7.  Lee, C.M., Kwon, O.G., Lee, K.S., Lee, S.M., Choi, S.H., et al. 2014. Insect pests in turf sod production areas in Korea. Weed Turf. Sci. 3(2): 114-120. (In Korean)  

8.  Lee, D.W. and Choo, H.Y. 2007. Ecological study of chestnut brown chafer, Adoretus tenuimaculatus (Coleoptera: Rutelidae). J. Agricul. Life Sci. 41(3):9-15. (In Korean)  

9.  Lee, D.W., Choo, H.Y., Lee, S.M. and Lee, Y.H. 2000. Effect of light, temperature and nitrogen fertilization and damaged leaf on the feeding of chestnut brown chafer, Adoretus tenuimaculatus (Coleoptera:Scarabaeidae). Kor. Turfgrass Sci. 13(3):159-170. (In Korean)   

10.  Miller, F.S., Jerdan, F.S. and Ware, G. 1999. Feeding preference of adult Japanese beetle (Coleoptera: scarabaeidae) for Asian elm species and their hybrids. J. Econ. Entomol. 92(2):421-426.  

11.  Potter, D.A. 1998. Destructive turfgrass insects biology, diagnosis, and control. Ann Arbor Press, Michigan, USA.  

12.  Richmond, D.S. and Bigelow, C.A. 2009. Variation in endophyte-plant associations influence black cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctidae) performance and susceptibility to the parasitic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae. Environ. Entomol. 38(4):996-1004.  

13.  SAS (Statistical Analysis System). 2011. SAS/STAT® 9.3 user's guide. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, USA.  

14.  Sherrod, D.W., Shaw, J.T. and Luckmann, W.H. 1979. Concepts on black cutworm field biology in Illinois. Environ. Entomol. 8(2):191-195.  

15.  Showers, W.B. 1997. Migratory ecology of the black cutworm. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 42:393-425.  

16.  Williamson, R.C. and Potter, D.A. 1997. Turfgrass species and endophyte effects on survival, development, and feeding preference of black cutworms (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 90:1290-1299.  

17.  Williamson, R.C. and Shetlar, D.J. 1995. Oviposition, egg location, and diel periodicity of feeding by black cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on bentgrass maintained at golf course cutting heights. J. Econ.  

online submission
Sub Menu
Sub Banner
Sub Banner
Sub Menu
Sub Banner
Sub Banner
Sub Banner
Sub Banner
Sub Menu
Sub Menu